National Air Intelligence Center
Headquartered at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, the National Air
Intelligence Center, a component of the Air Intelligence Agency, is the Air
Force's single, integrated intelligence production center and is the primary
Department of Defense producer of foreign aerospace intelligence.
The NAIC assesses current and projected foreign forces, threat and weapon
system capabilities and employment, develops targeting and mission planning
intelligence materials and evaluates evolving technologies of potential
NAIC products and services play a key role in assuring that American forces
avoid technological surprise and can counter the foreign air and space threat.
NAIC and constituent units provide center customers a broad range of integrated,
tailored assessments and information operations products and services.
These services and products directly support Air Force operational units,
national decision makers, as well as the research and development sustaining the
acquisition of United States air and space weapons systems. The combat
effectiveness and survivability of advanced weapons and support systems, both
in the field and in development, depends on the accuracy of NAIC intelligence.
The National Air Intelligence Center develops its products by analyzing all data
available to the U. S. intelligence community on foreign air and space forces
and weapon systems to determine performance characteristics, capabilities,
vulnerabilities and employment.
NAIC assessments are also an important factor in shaping our national
security and defense policies. As the Department of Defense experts on foreign
aerospace system capabilities, center members have historically been involved in
supporting U. S. weapons treaty negotiations and verification.
Center responsibilities cover the full range of air and space systems and
technologies including: aircraft missiles space systems radars electronic and
electro- optic countermeasures integrated air defense systems command, control
and communication systems
Sophisticated data processing, engineering and modeling techniques enable
NAIC analysts, technicians, scientists and engineers to fulfill the center's
Another core NAIC mission area is the processing and exploitation of
Measurement and Signature Intelligence. NAIC serves as the National and
Department of Defense executive agent for processing, exploitation, integration,
reporting and dissemination of MASINT data collected from radar, electro-
optical and infra- red technical sensors.
NAIC prepares spectral, spatial and temporal signatures of threat tar-gets
in support of air and space forces, develops analytical tools for technical
analysis and provides technology transfer of these techniques for fusion of
MASINT data in the operational environment.
NAIC is the nation's only exploitation organization for imagery collected
under the Open Skies Treaty. It serves as the exploitation agency for Signals
Intelligence collected for the RC- 135 Rivet Joint and Combat Sent missions and
is the Department of Defense organization for the development of machine
translation tools. HQ NAIC traces its roots back to the Foreign Data Section of
the Air-plane Engineering Department, formed in 1917, at McCook Field in Dayton,
Ohio. The section studied foreign aircraft, translated foreign language
aerospace publications and maintained a technical library.
During World War II, the Army designated the unit the Technical Data
Laboratory and depended upon it for information on
enemy aircraft technology. By the end of 1945, nearly 750 people were at
work at the unit, then known as "T- 2 Intelligence," evaluating
foreign aircraft and translating, indexing and microfilming technical documents.
In 1951, the S& TI mission fell upon the Air Technical Intelligence
Center, its primary focus Soviet technology. In July 1961, the Air Force
deactivated ATIC, yet activated another unit to take over its manpower, mission
The Air Force Systems Command's Foreign Technology Division was the
organizational beginning of today's National Air Intelligence Center. Since the
beginning of its organizational lineage in 1961, the units mission and resources
have expanded to meet the challenges of worldwide technological developments
and the accompanying national need for aerospace intelligence. In recent years,
the emphasis has increasingly shifted toward evaluation of worldwide aerospace
systems and the production of "tailored," customer- specific products.
NAIC was formed Oct. 1, 1993, with the integration of the Foreign Aerospace
Science and Technology Center and the 480th Intelligence Group.
Headquarters NAIC employs more than 1,600 people. Subordinate units at
Langley Air Force Base, Va., and Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., form the 480th IG,
and provide support to NAIC operational customers.
The five divisions of the Directorate of Intelligence Analysis, located at
the Pentagon and Washington, D. C., area, provide tailored, substantive military
intelligence to the Air Force Chief of Staff, the Secretary of the Air Force,
Air Staff and other Department of Defense and national customers.
Besides their commitment to the mission, the 2,059 people that work for NAIC
are actively involved in many community projects helping people. Tutoring
children at a local school, coaching youth sports teams, working with Habitat
for Humanity in building houses for the less- fortunate, working with kids that
have mental and physical challenges, adopting a highway, organizing local food
and blood drives and sponsor-ing the Wright- Patterson Air Force Base Annual
NAIC people are leading the way, making the community better. As our nation
enters the information age of the 21st century, the need for tailored air and
space intelligence and information operations products and services will
As information operators on the AIA team, NAIC will continue to provide the
nation's military forces the tailored intelligence products essential to
precision employment and in-formation- based warfare, expanding the Air Force's
capability to conduct information operations and achieve information
480TH INTELLIGENCE GROUP
Supporting the operational forces by providing timely intelligence
With headquarters located at Langley Air Force Base, Va., the 480th
Intelligence Group is a component of NAIC. Langley is a long standing
establishment on the lower peninsula of Virginia. It is a major contributor to
the entire community known as the Tidewater area, which is located within
minutes of several major cities including Norfolk, Hampton, Newport News and
Colonial Williamsburg. The capital, Richmond, is only an hour away.
The 480th, formerly an Air Combat Command organization, provides
conventional mission planning support and target materials, multi- source
intelligence analysis and operational intelligence required to train, prepare
and support in- garrison and deployed combat air forces.
The 480th's specific mission is to process and apply intelligence and other
information using state- of- the-art capabilities to provide timely, relevant
and accurate products and services for the operational air forces.
The unit's vision is "Center of Excellence," providing imagery-
focused multi disciplined intelligence for global information superiority,
committed to vigilance.
Through sophisticated communications and computer systems, the 480th
provides the deployed war fighter direct access to the comprehensive assets of
The unit is organized into three subordinate squadrons:
20th Intelligence Squadron Located at Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., was
assigned in 1992.
27th Intelligence Squadron Located at Langley Air Force Base, Va., was
assigned in 1990.
36th Intelligence Squadron Located at Langley Air Force Base, Va., was
assigned in 1990.
Also, the 123rd Intelligence Squadron, an Arkansas Air National Guard
Unit, located at Little Rock Air Force Base, is gained during wartime.
Subordinated squadrons provide both scheduled and ad hoc intelligence
tailored to the unique, immediate needs of air warfighters. They employ the
concepts and processes of virtual production, application utilizing a myriad
of state- of- the- art information processing and production systems and on-
line databases. The unit has committed itself to being ever vigilant of the
constant advances in information processing, storage and dissemination
technologies. It is also recognized throughout the intelligence and
operational community as a leader in the testing, evaluation and
application of new technologies to meet the needs of current and emerging
weapons systems and their employed munitions. The unit has been instrumental
in recent innovative programs and projects that included the development of
digital target materials, production of digital materials for Air Force
Mission Support Systems, virtual production and providing air combat units
with near- real- time imagery information for mission planning and
Since its origination in 1969, the 480th has been awarded five Air Force
Outstanding Unit Awards.
20TH INTELLIGENCE SQUADRON
The patch was approved in 1958. The cloud and sky are symbolic of the
squadron's historic flying mission. "Yosemite Sam" represents
squadron personnel carrying on the activities of the unit, map reading,
target location and visual reconnaissance. Sam's gun is symbolic of target-
making weapons and devices, and the camera system indicates photographic
reconnaissance. The lightning bolt represents direct destruction from the
air, artillery adjustment and fighter strikes. The 20th IS provides mission
planning support primarily to bomber units in support of U. S. Strategic
Command. It maintains liaison between NAIC and U. S. Strategic Command on
nuclear targeting, weaponeering and battle damage assessment issues.
The mission of the 20th is to pro-vide prompt, precise intelligence
warfighters to safely engage and achieve global objectives. The 20th
processes and analyzes raw electronic intelligence data, and prepares both
operational and technical ELINT reports and studies.
The 20th is organized into three flights:
The Target Material Flight produces precise coordinated measurements and
mission- support materials for Air Force bomber, fighter and other airborne
platforms engaged in exercise, training or actual combat operations.
It provides graphics, coordinated measurements and aim point selection
assistance supporting nuclear, conventional and humanitarian relief
operations. It also performs distribution of maps and charts supporting
short- notice mission planning and flying requirements Air Force wide.
The Combat Applications Flight activities entail providing direct
application support for specified combat customers. This includes an AIA
node for operational dissemination of near- real time imagery to Air Force
and Department of Defense users worldwide; and is Air Combat Command's point
of contact for pre-mission survivability and threat assessments, target
analysis, weaponeering support and post- mission combat assessments for the
Conventional Air Launched Cruise Missile program. Additionally, it performs
modeling and simulation survivability analysis studies for requesting
customers and is the executive manager for the Integrated Air Defense
The Operations Flight provides the day- to- day operating support to the
other flights within the 20th. These activities are dispersed through
branches who perform the activities of planning, requirements management,
systems maintenance, logistics support and resource management.
The 20th IS began its origins as the 20th Photographic Mapping Squadron
in 1942. In these early years, the unit worked under many different names
and was stationed all over the world from Sydney, Australia, to Newark, N.
J., to Yokota, Japan. They participated in the Pacific air offensive and the
occupation of Japan until inactivation in 1946.
The 20th was back in service for the Korean War as the 20th Tactical
Reconnaissance Squadron until 1967. In 1992, it was reactivated and
designated the 20th Air Intelligence Squadron under the newly formed Air
Combat Command, operating out of Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. A year later,
it was redesignated as the 20th Intelligence Squadron under the Air
Intelligence Agency. Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. was established in 1896 as
Fort Cook, and is currently the oldest "fort" west of the
Fort Cook was named after Gen. George Cook, who was famous for more than
20 years of service during the Indian Wars.
In 1924, they added a runway and the base became Offutt Air Field after
Lt. Jarvis Offutt, Omaha's first air casualty. It became Offutt Air Force
Base, Neb., in 1948 when the Army and Air Force became separate services.
Offices of the 20th IS are located in the Martin Bomber Building, the
same building that manufactured B-26 Marauders and B- 29 Superfortressess.
Both the "Enola Gay" and "Bock's Car," the B- 29s
which dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were built here. The
Martin Bomber Building, or Building D, is one- third the size of the
27th Intelligence Squadron
The 27th Intelligence Squadron's mission is to expertly serve the 480th
IG and other Department of Defense organizations using skilled professionals
and leading edge technologies and to develop, provide and manage systems and
production infrastructures and services.
The 27th IS is responsible for sustaining the 480th's daily operations.
It operates and maintains automated production support systems, a secondary
imagery dissemination sys-tem and photographic and litho-graphic facilities
for the group. Their vision is to become an unrivaled source of information
warfare support and achieve a virtual based infrastructure to fuse
multimedia applications and products through emerging technologies and
state- of-the- art facilities in anticipation of customer needs for
information dominance and operational supremacy. The 27th provides the
communication, photographic, dissemination and facility, security and
logistics management necessary for the 480th to deliver high- quality, time-
sensitive, imagery based intelligence for dissemination to U. S. and allied
war-fighters around the globe.
The 27th Intelligence Squadron is comprised of two flights:
Systems/ Data Base Management
The Systems and Database Management Flight provides state- of- the-art
communications and computing and the Production Services provides a broad
range of essential services. The Visual Information Branch provides digital
and wet imagery processing, still photography and 35mm slide production,
high- speed, large-volume reproduction and graphic design.
The Dissemination Branch distributes and tracks all outgoing products,
maintains a chart library with worldwide coverage and the basic target and
training graphic repository.
Also, the Security Branch manages the group's programs and maintains
unit and visitor security clearances and facility security devices. The
Facility Branch manages the entire facility and grounds including upgrades
and construction. The Logistics Branch manages the group's supply and
equipment accounts. The unit was active during World War II when it won
seven campaign streamers, a Distinguished Unit Citation and the French
Croix de Guerre with Palm. The 27th was inactivated in December 1945 then
reactivated in September 1990.
Bat outahell: red cloaked batman with oxygen mask and headset
Aerial Cameras: model K- 17, 18, 22, 24 in various formats
Map Section: connecting the twin fuselage
White cloud formation: highlight-ing the batman and representing the sky
P- 38 Lightning: unique twin-boom airframe, fastest long- range fighter
Lightning Bolts: Representing the aircraft's name, and the crew's flying
Bare metal: flying without paint shaved an extra 300- 4000 pounds, given
it more speed
Blue: as camouflage to hide form gunners as they made high speed runs
over de-fended targets
Normandy stripes: often left to keep our gunners from shooting down
single or small groups of P- 38s
Nose art: Like most WWII flyers, F- 4 and F- 5 crew often personalized
their aircraft. They often painted small swastikas on the nose for each
mission over enemy territory.
36th Intelligence Squadron
The 36th IS provides tactical target materials, special targeting and
weaponeering analysis, and tailored digital data bases to support U. S. Air
Force weapons systems, mission planning and aircrew training.
The squadron also provides focused and tailored intelligence to meet the
specific requirements of Air Force units preparing for deployment, while
they are deploying, and during the time they are deployed.
The 36th is organized into four flights:
Targeting/ Recognition Materials
The Digital Materials Flight provides accurate digital maps, charts,
elevation data, detailed geo coded imagery and other digital products
supporting automated mission planning needs and unique requirements for
advanced weapon systems.
It serves as the Air Force's sole producer of multi- spectral imagery.
The Intelligence Applications Flight supports combat air forces, training
units, the NAIC and AIA staffs by producing materials, targeting analysis
and specialized target studies.
The Targeting/ Recognition Materials Flight produces ad hoc and
scheduled general military intelligence to support exercise, training and
combat operations of the Air Force and other Department of Defense aircrew
members the same type of target materials they will be using in operational
conditions as well as producing prototype target materials for future and
developmental weapon systems.
The Requirements Management Flight assigns and tracks all ad hoc and
scheduled production requirements. They also submit, track and monitor
associated all- source intelligence collections.
The 36th was originally called the 28th Observation Squadron July 1942
and activated at Goodman Field, Ky.
The 28th held many different designations including the 28th
Reconnaissance Squadron, April 2, 1943; the 28th Tactical Reconnaissance
Squadron in August; the 36th Photographic Mapping Squadron in October; and
the 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, March 1944.
In those early years, the unit served in the United States, New Guinea,
Philippines, Okinawa and Chofu, Japan.
The 36th PRS was inactivated in February 1946. In September 1990, the
unit was redesignated as the 36th Tactical Intelligence Squadron at Langley
Air Force Base, Va., and assigned to the 480th.
In November 1991, the 36th TIS was redesignated as the 36th Air
Squadron and in October 1993, it was redesignated as the 36th Intelligence