Freedom thru vigalantes
send any additional information or corrections to Tom
Pughemail@example.com and I'll upgrade as necessary.
1st RSM, Misawa, Japan
(1-26-53 thru 5-8-55)
2nd RSM, Darmstadt, West
Germany to 5-8-55
3rd RSM, Det 31, Davis AFB, Adak, Alaska
(Aug 51-Dec 52- Robt
Rives) (Chuck Briggs,
Det 1, Davis
AFB, Adak, Alaska 12-52 thru 08-53 (Robt.
Det 2, 32, Marks AFB, Nome Alaska (Robt.
Det 3, 33 Ladd AFB, Fairbanks, Alaska (Robt.
10th RSM, Chicksands, England
12th RSM, Landsberg,
15th RSM, Ashiya, Japan
March AFB, California, 10-53 thru
03- 55 (Robt. Rives)
Det 1 08-53 thru 10-53(Robt. Rives)
Wing Ramstein AB, West Germany.
169th ESS, Hill AFB, Utah (Air National Guard)
301st Intel. Sqdn.,
(10-1-93) (Helen Johns
Spec Act. Sqdn, Ft. Belvoir, O/L Tehran, Iran 09-59 Thru 08-60.
1134th Spec Act Sqdn, Ft. Meyer, VA O/L Tehran, Iran
12-56 thru 09-59 (Robt. Rives)
SW, Frankfurt, West
thur 1-1-56; Zweibrucken (Hq
ESR) 11-2-56 thru 3-31-68.
Comm Sqdn 10-1-55 thru 10-1-57, element.
Det 1 Chicksands
7-1-61 thru 2-2-62; Rothwestern
2-2 thru 6-1-62;
1-21-63 thru 1-1-66;
Det 2 Frankfurt 8-1-63 thru-7-64; 7-1-65 thru-1-66
’58-59) ( Dave Smith, 203)
(formerly 6922 SW),(Harry Larrabee)
6908th NKP, Thailand
Darmstadt, Rimback, Mt.
Eckstein, Sembach, Lindsey AS, West Germany
RGM 9-58 thru 9-60 SG Augsburg( Deact.
Det 2, Berlin, West Germany Camp Perri, Weisbaden West Germany.
(Lee Featherstone 292)
6911th SS/ RGM, Rhein
Main-Hahn AB (7-25-75-), West
6913th SS Augsburg,
West Germany (Patrick McGowen)
41st. RSM (Richard Rayfield)
6913th ESS Flak Kaserne, Augsburg, West Germany
6914th Grunstadt, Wasserkuppe,
85th RSM (Richard Rayfield)
6914th ESS Mehlingen Annex, West Germany
Hof , West
Germany (Closed 1971)
SS/ESS Hellikon/Hellenikon AB, Athens, Greece,
Souda Bay, Crete (Jim Houle). (Deact 3-13-91)
SS/, Rhein Main AB, Frankfurt, West
6916th ESS Helikon
San Vito, Italy
(Deact Aug 1, 1991)
6918th Hakada, Japan
6918th ESS Mehlingen Annex, Sembach AB, West
Germany (Became 6914th after
combine with 6913th)
6919th ESS Sembach AB, West
Japan (Shiroi ???-9/59)Jack Bartels(SW-2-1-76 thru 10-1-78)
(SS-10-1-78 thru 8-1-79)
(ESG-8-1-79 thru 10-1-93) (Helen Johns Henderson)
RSM (5-8-55 thru 5-11-56)
RGM (5-11-56thru 9-1-62),
SW (9-1-62 thru 4-1-70)
SG (4- 1-70 thru 9-1-72) (Helen Johns Henderson)
Sqdn (12-8-53) Comm Sec Unit
Clark AFB, Phillippines
Det 1, Osan, South Korea
4, 7th FFRS, Ramasun,
Thailand – Ashia, Japan
Det 7, Korat Royal Thai AFB, Korat, Thailand
Brooks AFB, TX, San
Antonio, TX (Don
Comm Sec Sqdn (Don
Det 1 Naknek,
Alaska (Don Hughes)
Det 2 Brooks AFB, San Antonio,
TX (Don Hughes)
Det 3 MacDill AFB, Florida (Don Hughes)
Det 4 Camp Perri, Weisbaden, West Germany (Don Hughes)
Det 5 Hickam AFB, Hawaii (Don Hughes)
Det 6 Nagoya AB, Japan/sub unit in Korea (Don Hughes)
Det 7 Naha AB, Okinawa, Japan (Don Hughes)
Det 8 Langley AFB, Virginia (Don Hughes)
Det 9 McLelland AFB, California (Don Hughes)
Det 10 Pepperrell AFB, St Johns, NewFoundland (Don Hughes)
Det 11 Bushy(Blechley??) Park, England (Don Hughes)
Ramasun, Thailand; Danang,
Viet Nam (Monkey
Clark AFB, Phillipines
Clark AFB, Phillippines, Shiroi AB, Tokyo,
9, Shemya, Alaska;
Japan (Onna Point)
Sqdn, Hickham AFB, Hawaii,
Tori Station, Okinawa,
Japan (Bob Burns)
6929th Osan, Korea
6930th RSM, Tripoli,
Lybia and Iraklion, Crete (Steve Solar)
Crete & Trabzon, Turkey
(1958-???)ESS Souda Bay, Greece
3-1, Trabzon, Turkey
6932nd Samsun, Turkey
6933rd Sec. Sqd (Airborne) Panama
Goodfellow AFB, San Angelo, TX
6941st Goodfellow AFB, San Angelo, TX
AFB, San Angelo, TX
Security Wing, Offut AFB (Harry Larrabee)
6948th SSM GAFB, Texas
Kelly AFB, TX (Jim Houle) Ft. Meade, MD-Mobile
6949th St. Lawrence
Island ( Now 97th Intel Sqdn.)
RGM, Chicksands, England
(1956 to closing) (Rob Joyce)
(1950-56) (Rob Joyce)
6952nd RSM, Kirknewton, Scotland
AFB, San Angelo, TX
Kelly AFB, San
Computer Services Sqdn. ??
6970th SG, Ft. Meade, Maryland.
6973rd Comm Sec, Ladd AFB, Alaska
698? RSM, March AFB, California.
6981st Elmendorf, Alaska
1, St. Lawrence Island (Phil Fonteyn)
2, King Salmon, Alaska (Phil
3, Shemya, Alaska
4, Barrow, Alaska (Phil Fonteyn)
6982 RSM Brooks AFB, Texas, Lake Charles & Alexandria AFB, Louisiana, Sept –Dec 55 (Robt. Rives)
6981st ESS Elmendorf AFB, Alaska
6983rd Shemya, Alaska (Phil Fonteyn) March
5-55 thru 9-56 (Robt. Rives)
Wakkanai, Japan (Closed
Taiwan (Deact 4-1-77)
1, Yakota Air Base,
Japan (Deactivated 1972) (James
6988th ESS Mindenhall, England
6989th SS, Misawa-1st echelon site attached to
6921st SW Hq.
San Antonio, TX
Nha Trang (Doug Campbell)VietNam
2, Nha Trang, Pleiku (Doug
8075th ESS (Reserve) Brooks AFB, Texas
8087th ESS (Reserve) Offutt AFB, Nebraska
November 11, 2004, (Source of Info in parenthesis)..
Clandestine unit designations unknown.
A BRIEF, UNOFFICIAL HISTORY OF ZWEIBRUCKEN, GERMANY AND TURENNE-KREUZBERG
HOME OF THE
A Reminiscence by
Tom Pugh, 20250-4 6901st
The military post at Zweibrucken,
a German word meaning “two bridges” was originally built as a training camp
for group of German youth called the Charlemagne Jugen in 789 AD.
Although there was never a satisfactory explanation of the reason to name
a city after two dental appliances, it may have something to do with an ancient
custom, still practiced by some people in the area, of eating boiled rocks.
An epidemic of bacterial
flatulosis was responsible for the closing of the base in 869 AD.
It stood empty for hundreds of years until it was reopened in the late 19th
century to train and house the Kaiser Wilhelm Jugen and later the Hindenburg
Jugen. For a time it was home to the Abraham Koppelstein Jugen, but they
suddenly left in 1936.
Following this, it remained
essentially unoccupied until it was taken over by desperate Waffen SS soldiers
toward the end of WW II. This SS was an elite Wermacht fighting group, similar
to the U. S. Army Nurse Corps. It
should not to be confused with the Gestapo SS which is similar to the U. S. Army
Dental Hygiene Corps. Their goal
was to save the base from being destroyed hoping that future generations of
allied military “victors” would be stationed there and wonder if they had
REALLY won the war. This goal was
accomplished and the basic architectural integrity of what was to be the site of
the 6901ST SCG was preserved.
In fact, some of the USAFSS operations buildings were rumored to have
been SS barracks. As they were
painted and had heat, windows, and running water when this writer first saw
them, confirmation of this as fact is difficult.
It is possible that German units were assigned billets with these
amenities, unlike USAFSS personnel, who were expected to live like ground
squirrels, except that their food was worse.
With regard to the architectural
“uniqueness” of the area, there was persistent rumor of a secret tunnel
under the base. This supposedly
connected the ‘01st base with the former Nazi fighter base then
occupied by the RCAF 3rd Fighter Wing in southern “Zwei”. The tunnel was supposed to have been constructed by NAZI
troops but it was later speculated that it was built by GI’s hoping to tunnel
into the Canadian base and get a decent meal.
Its existence was never confirmed but there was ample confirmation that a
decent meal was never served at the USAFSS base in Zwei.
As the victorious Allies
penetrated the sanctity of the German homeland, forward elements of General
Patton’s Third Army along with several hundred ClassVI officials and duty
roster clerks arrived in “Zwei” in early 1945 demanding the surrender of the
town or at least large portions of Exheimer Strasse.
The SS response was “cashews”. This
was an all too obvious attempt to duplicate the now famous “nuts” reply
issued to German officers by Gen. McAluff of the 101st Airborne
Division when asked to surrender at Bastogne.
“Not too G-----n f-----g funny, you kraut m-----------g c---------g
a-----e s-- of a b---hing s---head b------s” was the General’s only comment.
The SS did make members of the surrender party honorary Nazi’s,
however, and some of this group went on to form the Christian Coalition in the
U. S. many years later and several became senior officers in the DEA.
Up to this point, the town had
been spared destruction by allied bombing raids based on the conclusion, amply
supported by aerial reconnaissance, that bombing would cause absolutely no
damage whatsoever. It was heavily
toilet papered in ’43, as a kind of G.
I. Funny, and pamphlets covered with the German equivalent of “kiss my a--”
(I’m just reporting the facts here! No offense intended to those of a more
sensitive persuasion.) were scattered by propaganda bombers returning from
demoralization runs over the Ruhr Valley.
Outrage over the “cashews”
response was uncontrollable and the reaction by Allied might was immediate and
severe! In retaliation for this
insult, a skywriting plane was sent to write “Hitler eats the big one” over
the skies of “Zunni Zwei” as American’s affectionately called Zweibrucken
in later years, even when it was cloudy! Unfortunately
for Zweibrucken a flight of several hundred bombers returning from bombing raids
on strategic targets at Oktoberfest, Oberamergau and a Baby Milk Factory in
Baghdad saw this message, which to them read “eno gib eht stae reltiH”. The
crypto officer on board the lead aircraft,
Sgt. D. D. (Bop) Tuohtwo believed
this to be a coded message from the underground and quickly deciphered it.
(“Bop” later became the FIRST cryptoanalyst at the ‘01st )
The message, which appeared to be coded in a simple substitution codeword
cipher system, read, “bomb this @#%# hole”( never figured out what @#%# meant)
. In a matter of seconds word
flashed through the formation and thousands of bombs and several hundred rolls
of toilet paper and condoms filled with water rained down on the unfortunate
town and the cowardly soldiers who had muttered the intolerable insult.
In less than ten minutes, the town had become a large pile of bricks,
tissue and rubber. Subsequent aerial reconnaissance showed that while the town
had suffered terrible damage, it in fact, looked better than before the bombing!
And, the former training camp and “jugen area” had remained
miraculously unscathed by the furious attack (except for some condoms which
landed in the area that would later become the BOQ .)
An American officer, Capt. (later General) Baseball “Batboy” Guano
felt that this was a “sign from above” (not the Pentagon!) and recommended
that the base be used as a gateway for occupation troops after the war because
it had (1) divine protection and (2) newly discovered “condom bushes” which
would provide a ready supply for use by the officers saving the government
millions of dollars monthly. (A two
year nine million dollar study later confirmed that the “condom bush” theory
was in fact erroneous and that “Batboy” had mistakenly assumed that the
water filled condoms dropped in the raid were growing on bushes in the area.)
After the war was over, it was
decided to send in thousands of “dietetically challenged” soldiers through
“Zunni” for occupation duty. This
required the building of the 645,000 square foot “dining facility” on the
base that so many recall in gustatory nightmares, and reinforcement of the local
sewer system. (When fully stocked,
by the way, this facility held enough food to feed all of Southwestern Germany
for two months although most locals who had an opportunity to try it said they
preferred eating their boiled rocks to this food, a sentiment shared by many
USAFSS personnel in later years). The Army cooks staffing this facility had
earned the equivalent of a GED in weenie roasting and rumor has it that two of
them could read, although this was never confirmed by objective outside sources.
Steak was occasionally served at this facility and amazingly, this always
occurred during visits by commanding field level officers from command, a
coincidence that today still amazes this writer.
Trucks carrying the hungry soldiers to “chow”(an ancient Austrian
word meaning “to place excrement in one’s mouth”) would wait outside this
“chow hall” with their engines idling for hours while the hungry soldiers
“chowed down”,. This waiting area later became the site of the “ popular”
base theater where movies were shown, some in the decade in which they were
produced and popcorn was served sometime during the month it was popped.
After a particularly bad batch of
SOS was served for breakfast, several hundred soldiers and KP workers threatened
to hold a “barf in” outside the BOQ. Fearing damage to the condom bushes, a settlement was quickly
arranged by Master Sergeant H. B. “ Hot Breeze” Munson, a relative of a
future base commander C. B. “Cool Breeze”!
One of the conditions of capitulation by the incensed mob was that a
wooden statue of a pig be erected outside the quarters to commemorate this
incident. This was quickly
accomplished by concerned authorities. (Later
in the mid sixties, someone who was “FIIGMO” supposedly removed the
Smallwood statue as a prank. It
would never be seen again although it was memorialized in paint on the walls of
the BOQ one evening).
Following this “mutiny” the U.
S. Army abandoned the base and turned it over to the French army who then
assumed control and occupied it for several years.
They changed the name from American Army Base and Chow Hall to Turenne
Kaserne and Frog Pond and decreed that the Jagerhof was to serve snail pizza
“on demand”. The somewhat
unique name of the base was chosen I was told, because of either (1) the French
love of soup or (2) because of their propensity to wear ceramic pots on their
heads after “Cinq Centime Bier Night” at “Le Rod et Gun Club”.
Unfortunately, I do not speak French and am unsure of the exact
translation of these terms.
In the late fifties, the base, by
now in need of major renovation and covered with snail shells, was returned to
the U. S. Army and was renamed Kreuzberg Kaserne and Bowling Alley
in honor of Analise “Big Thang” Kreuzberg, a popular personality in
the “Zwei” area and close personal friend of the new base commander, Gen.
Guano (which see, above). He received top priority secret (not codeword) orders
to promptly begin destruction of the old French barracks.
It was soon realized that the orders had been garbled during transmission
and that what was actually desired was the destruction of FRANCE!
However, it was too late to accomplish the latter task as most of that
years Attack France budget had been diverted by devious bureaucrats to pay for
the barracks destruction fiasco. Demolition
was immediately halted but serious damage had been done to the already crumbling
buildings. Unbelievably, there was
never enough money in subsequent $800 gazillion dollar defense budgets to repair
the damage, so it was decided to reclassify these quarters as “semi-field”
units. Efforts to reclassify
personnel as “semi-human” failed. This
new classification was justified by authorities as a way to expose and train
troops to the rigors of life in a partially destroyed city.
This started a new “lifestyle”trend that soon spread to many other
military bases, and especially USAFSS sites.
Former Captain, now General Guano,
remembering the deciphering incident in the war, felt that this was a sign that
this base was destined to be used for some sort of cryptologic activity.
During “Nickel Boiler Maker Night” at the Officers Club at
Kowdungerdorff, home of the Army’s crack 69 th Venereal
Decontamination Unit, he had the good fortune to meet a 2nd Lt. who
had been recently selected to form the USAF “Intercept Enemy Communications
and Try to Figure Out if They Are Going to Attack The US” (IECTFOTAGAU)
Command. (Seventy-eight name changes later, this unit became the USAFSS, which
sound s a whole helluva lot better, in my opinion.) Sensing further divine intervention “Gen’l BaseballBat,
Sir!” as he was affectionately called by career military personnel, offered to
sublet a portion of the base to this new AF command for a measly $1.3 billion*
dollars a year plus an agreement to let his son, “A. K.” Guano work as
manager of the EM Club for life with no nosey accountants butting in trying to
tell him what to do. The Lieutenant
who was later to become a member of Congress from a small state, literally
jumped at this heaven sent opportunity and thus, the future location of what was
then called the 1st was selected.
Six thousand nine hundred designation changes later, this very same unit
became what we all knew as the 6901st, and later the 1069601st.
Initially, orders were sent
indicating that Major General Thurman Miller had been made commander of the USAF portion of the base as well as the
“Queen” of Zweibrucken . Unfortunately, it was soon realized that
again, there had been some garbled communication and that AIRMAN BASIC Miller
was supposed to have been appointed the Latrine Queen of his flight in basic
training. Not wanting to appear
incompetent, the CINCUSAFLATRINES saw to it that Amn Miller was summarily
promoted to Major General and put charge of the motor pool at Bad
He was later RIF’d to MSgt and ironically, ended up as the “First
Shirt” of the ‘01st in the ‘60’s, although his retirement pay
would be that of a six star general along with a free turkey from the chow hall
every Thanksgiving & Christmas. Isn’t life strange?
After the code group, “yjnaxjvl
ezwpmb xjnx mefy crcr peqa”was intercepted and deciphered in the early
‘60’s by crack elements of the ‘01st CryptoBatallion, it was
announced by CINCKREUZBERBOWLINGALLEYANDKASERENZWEIBRUCKEN that Viet Nam had
developed a death ray and was going to destroy the WORLD!
There was a great deal of skepticism concerning the conclusion reached by
crack ‘01st analysts in some circles. So, needless to say (but I
will) this incident somewhat tarnished the reputation of the ‘01st
in the COMINT Community even though many high administration officials in
Washington tended to believe the report and predicated much of subsequent
foreign policy on its contents. Several
analysts speculated that it was only STUN ray but this was only rumor until the
mystery was solved by cracking the code many years later.
In retaliation for what some
in congress considered a SNAFU, the budget for the base was reduced to
“slightly less” than the GNP of Canada, with the stipulation that this kind
of faulty analysis “sure as he-- better not happen again”. (Their words, NOT
mine!!!) As further punishment,
“Nickel Bargirl Night” at the “O” Club was terminated and the SOS beef
ration was halved. The latter event
resulted in a call for volunteers to be ground up for breakfast. There were 83 volunteers’ and their brave sacrifice helped
the AF and others to narrowly avert a crisis.
This is because contemporary medical studies indicated that a reduction
in residual SOS molecules in military personnel often decreased nausea, gas,
psychotic episodes (like re-upping) and internal bleeding leading to a decline
in (a) aggressiveness and therefore fighting ability, and (b) the use of Pepto
Bismo which, as the Overseas Weekly later exposed was secretly owned by
General Guano and the JCS and provided them millions in profits annually.
Later, in a sincere show of appreciation, the volunteer’s names were
inscribed on a silver plated food tray, which now hangs in the Sacred Hall of
the Re-Urpped at Ft. Eustice, Arkansas.
However, the unceasing efforts of
the ‘01st “tricksters”
were beginning to take their toll on the eastern block target nations.
The incisive analysis, timely reporting and smoke from the burn room was
demoralizing troops in many forward area countries and some parts of western
Russia. In desperation, in 1966,
the “Rooskies” as we called ‘em, secretly*
sold the keys to all of their cypher machines to the U. S. in return for the
6901st base budget plus a 40 year supply of non-dairy creamer and
Anusol. Thus began the slow demise
of the old 6901st Spec Comm Grp as we who loved it had come to know
it. Then, as the popularity of bowling subsided and the need for bowling teams
diminished, a USAF presence on the base could no longer be justified.
Ironically, it was at this time that the AF received a refund of $10,714,
689.11 for an over billing of toilet seats, powdered water*** grass seed and
Pepto Bismo (which see, above) and used this money to refurbish all of the
barracks which were then abandoned. Finally in late 1967, the retirement
ceremonies of Sgt. Bernie Bolduc, CINCDUTYROSTER signaled the end of a USAFSS
presence on the base. Active duty personnel with more than a year left in
service (excluding career types), were sent to Ft. Meade to study Advanced
Bureaucracy and Obtuse Language, were made Astronauts or became Base Commanders
(E-5 and above.)
Fortunately, the intelligence
gathering expertise of the old ‘01st was not completely lost,
however. Remnants of the unit, now
designated the 19961st were able to convince Congress of the need to
retain this valuable expertise and the unit survived as a viable entity until,
two years later, now designated the 39991st was ordered to focus its
keen eyes and sensitive ears on the Caribbean, the Arctic Circle and the
Women’s Dormitory at Syracuse University.
In 1983, the “new” ‘1069599st as it was now called, intercepted
communications indicating that Grenada had developed a death ray and was about
to destroy the UNIVERSE. A
preemptive strike was initiated under the command of a little known 12 star
general known only as N. Reagan, a somewhat shadowy figure who operated under
deep cover most of his career*. The island was finally captured after several
months of fierce fighting, mouth to mouth resuscitation and cross-dressing.
However, intelligence later reported that the death ray had been spirited out of
the country and was being hidden in Panama although there are those who
questioned the validity of this information and think that it was actually sent
to Somalia, Iraq, Yugoslavia or even Indonesia.
In a final twist of irony, the
invasion of Granada, initiated because of the work of former “Zweibrueckers”
was led by General La’Marcus “Nighttrain” Charlemagne,(see picture
following) descendent of the above mentioned, thus completing the circle that
had been started all those years ago in the old days of historic times in the
past which was a long time before there was a 6901st or a Russia or
code groups or condoms or pigs or Army chow or any of that other crap.
Today, the buildings on Olde
Kreuzberg stand quietly empty, (except for a small contingent of young people
known as the Helmut Kohl Jugen,) a memorial and witness to the thousands of men,
women, Russian spies and KP workers who passed through its sacred portals and
walked its hallowed, condom strewn grounds, many of them paid a lousy $110.00
dollars a month plus half cooked Army food, dentistry without anesthetics, BX
clothes, old movies and no TV for three years in return for four years of their
lives. (But wudn’t it fun?)
As long as it stands, KKBA
(pronounced KaaKaaBaa)** will serve as a poignant reminder of the personal
sacrifices made during the search for a decent meal and the meaning of the code
group “yjnaxjvl ezwpmb xjnx mefy crcr peqa”and for the many “Parkies”
and Steinhagers chugged during cultural exchange activities on Exheimer Strasse.
It is to the memory of those
tireless, brave, and undernourished souls that this recollection
code group, by the way, was finally deciphered in 1998 as part of the Venona
Project. It said “Somebody oughta
bomb this @#%# hole." (they never figured out what @#%# meant!)
Unfortunately there was no mention of Viet Nam OR a death ray.
*Never before released highly sensitive type classified top
secret confidential information.
** Stands for Kreuzberg Kaserne & Bowling Alley, hence KaaKaaBAaaaa,
and not to be confused with the spanish word caca which loosley translated means “security service food”.
***Top secret military provision purchased from the LB
& LB Johnson Powdered Water Company. To activate in the field, add water.